The National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Ibadan, has given farmers tips on how to engage in effective home gardening.
The institute gave the guidelines in its “Home Garden for Food and Nutrition Security Production Guide’’ that was recently published.
News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that home garden entails the raising of crops and animals within the homestead.
NAN recalls that NIHORT recently took some farmers on a field tour of some home garden projects.
However, the Production Guide said that the keys to effective home gardening included the reservation of land for green areas when building and the acquisition of good quality materials.
The publication stressed the need to identify the crops of interest, using factors such as their health, food nutrition and economic benefits.
It stated that farmers should sort kitchen wastes and use the biodegradable materials in household wastes for soil improvement.
“They should ensure water availability for irrigation, especially during dry season, and use Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) to ensure food safety.
“Micro gardens can be established, using items like jute bags, pots and buckets, among others,” it said.
The Guide also noted that the benefits of home gardening included food and nutrition security.
The publication said that home gardening would save time and transportation costs of obtaining groceries, while giving the garden’s owner control over the chemicals and products used during the growing process.
“It gives the farmer additional source of income, it is a profitable hobby to pick up, an enjoyable leisure activity, and the produce retains more nutrients when consumed shortly after harvesting,” it said. (NAN)